Nabodinus, Last Great King of Babylon – Archaeology Expert (UK)
As a “science” however it can be traced back to Sir William Stukeleyhttp://heritage-key.com/world/worlds-first-archaeologists-and-their-role-defining-history
I still wonder if the Roman emperor Hadrian could be considered a revivalist architect or archaeologist.
The Villa Adriana (at Tivoli, near Rome) is an exceptional complex of classical buildings created in the 2nd century A.D. by the Roman emperor Hadrian. It combines the best elements of the architectural heritage of Egypt, Greece and Rome in the form of an ‘ideal city’.